• A hard growth on the skin of the toes
  • Pain on direct pressure against the corn
  • Sometimes redness and swelling around the corn, with severe discomfort
  • Increased discomfort in tight fitting shoes
  • More common in women than men
  • Tight fitting shoes
  • Deformed and crooked toes
  • Tight socks and stockings
  • Seam or stitch inside the shoe which rubs against the toe
  • Sometimes a shoe which is too loose, with the foot sliding forward with each step.
  • Prolonged walking on a downward slope
What you can do
  • Avoid shoes which are too tight or too loose
  • Buy shoes with an extra depth toe box (the part of the shoe over the toes)
  • Do not apply socks or stockings tightly around the toes
  • Use a pumice stone or other abrasive to reduce the thickness of the corn
  • Apply non-medicated pads around the corn to relieve pressure
  • Corn removing solutions and plasters contain acid and should NEVER be used by diabetics, those with diminished circulation, or diminished sensation.
What the doctor may do
  • Carefully debride (pare down) the corn and any deep seated core it may have. This provides only temporary relief..
  • Apply various pads and devices to the toes to relieve pressure.
  • Recommend appropriate shoes.
  • Surgically straighten crooked or deformed toes (e.g.. hammer toes), or remove bony prominences.
Complications that can result from corns
  • Development of a bursitis – the formation of a painful inflamed fluid-filled sac beneath the corn
  • Development of an ulcer. An open area that forms within the corn. This may even extend down to bone.
  • Infection of soft tissues or bone
  • Diabetics and those with diminished circulation or sensation should always seek professional help.
Other conditions which can resemble corns
  • Verruca (warts)
  • Various tumors of the skin and subcutaneous (below the skin) tissues
  • Reaction to a foreign body (eg. sliver or animal hair)